If you are someone who is waiting on the Lord for breakthrough you could probably agree that if you knew when your wait was going to end your wait wouldn’t be as hard or painful. Whenever Colby and I are in the car, I tend to act like a child with my “How much longer?” question. “How much longer? How much further? I thought by now we would be there.” Can you relate to these thoughts? I thought by now I would have the answer to my prayer. I thought by now my request would be answered. I thought by now I would have my baby or my husband or my house or my job or my healing.
Let me encourage you today that you are closer than you think! This sermon shared from Joshua 6:1-17 on this topic. As Joshua’s army marched around the walls Joshua knew exactly how many laps he would have to take. He knew after 13 times of marching around the walls, the walls would come down. How did He know? Because the Lord told him. However, Joshua didn’t relay that message to the rest of the army. He just told them to march. What if they had quit on the 12th lap? What if they didn’t realize how close they were to their breakthrough and would have given up?
So what do you do when your situation looks impossible and you still haven’t received your promise? In this passage it was easy for Joshua to look up and be intimated by the walls surrounding him. But, when He focused on the task given to Him and marched forward as instructed, the walls came down. How different would your journey be if you stopped looking at the walls and the problem in front of you and started looking at God? God has purpose in your wait so don’t miss out on what He is doing in your life because you are too focused on your problem. Instead, spend time praising Him and turn your focus from your problems to Him.
The walls didn’t come down the first time Joshua marched, but it took 13 times. Despite your faith and obedience you might not receive your results right away either. Just as He did for Joshua, when God gives you a promise He is going to give you a plan,so while outcome is God’s responsibility, obedience to His plan is yours. All Joshua had to do was follow God’s instructions to march and as promised in verse 5, when he did, the Lord would bring the walls down. Even if you have been obedient and seen no changes, keep on marching.
What motivates you to keep marching? Remember, just like Joshua’s prayers were pre-approved, so are yours! In Joshua 6:2, the Lord told Joshua the battle was already over! The confidence that Joshua had when he entered the battle is the same confidence you have access to today! From a human perspective your battle might be impossible, but from God’s perspective the battle has already been won!
So, will you continue to march even when your walls haven’t come down? Will you pray even when your prayers aren’t answered? Just because nothing tangible is happening doesn’t mean nothing is happening in you. Your victory is right around the corner. Don’t give up! You might be on your 1st lap and you might be on your 12th lap, but no matter what you are closer than you think. The walls WILL come down!
What are you asking the Lord for? Are you waiting on Him to answer your prayers? Do you realize that He acts on the behalf of every prayer you have every prayed? Not only that, but your prayers are pre-approved!
The story of Daniel, which is also shared in this sermon, shares a biblical explanation to this truth. In Daniel 9:2-3 he prayed, fasted, confessed, and pleaded for God to bring the return of his people, just as the Lord had promised. Daniel spent time observing what the scripture said, put His focus on the Lord, and expected to hear back from Him. Several verses later in Daniel 9:20-27 the angel Gabriel showed up to help him understand.
“As soon as you began to make your request, a reply was sent.” Daniel 9:23
God then sent a messenger in Daniel 10:12, which says, “He told me, “Don’t be afraid, Daniel. God has heard everything that you said ever since the first day you decided to humble yourself in front of your God so that you could learn to understand things. I have come in response to your prayer.”Daniel was told that from the first day he set his heart on the Lord, his words were heard. The minute he prayed the prayer, the command was given and the Lord showed up in response to his request.
Although the Lord answered immediately, Daniel didn’t receive His answer right away. I can relate to the delay Daniel faced between asking and receiving. His wait before receiving His answer was only 3 weeks, not 3 years like ours, but the delay was due to something we all face now; a battle going on in the spiritual realm. Daniel faced unseen obstacles just like you and I do every day. Satan will attempt to attack, distract, and intervene to prevent what the Lord wants to do which is why you have to be prepared to fight back. It’s up to you to stand firm on God’s truth and promises and believe that the Lord will bring the answer.
Does this story of Daniel speak to you? Does it make you realize that all your prayers are pre-approved? He answered everything the day He died on the cross for you and because of this the minute your request is sent, the Lord replies back. When you are a righteous person praying according to the word it doesn’t take long for God to answer your prayer. In fact, He does it right away!
Start thanking God for pre-approving your requests. Continue to pray for what you want, but praise Him at the same time. Rest in the finished work of the cross. Let His supernatural peace and joy overwhelm you while you wait for your answer to be granted. When you face delay and recognize that there is a spiritual battle that is all around you, continue to press into the Lord. Don’t stop praying just because you haven’t seen the manifestation of your prayers come through, but continue praying and praising until you see your breakthrough. Expect to receive your answer soon!
Have you ever had a jealous thought? Whether you want to admit to it or not, I would think most people, including me, would respond with “yes”. It doesn’t take long in this culture to recognize that everyone around you has what you want, and on top of that, it has come very easy for them.
Bill Johnson talked about the topic of jealousy and envy in a recent sermon and it was so good and so convicting. While I am sharing some of my thoughts too, the text below is ALL God speaking through Bill, so make sure to go and listen. He spoke from Matthew 19:30 which says, “many who are first will be last, and many who are last will be first.”
Why does God promote people who least deserve it before the people, like you, who have prayed, obeyed, and believed? You know, the newbie Christian who one month into their relationship with Christ asks for what they want and gets it? Meanwhile, you have been waiting 5 years and have asked and asked and asked again, but have not seen your prayer answered. Why have there been 20 babies from my local MITM group – the group I started – yet I have received nothing? Nothing! This is a reality that every person has faced whether it’s a baby, that dream job you have worked so hard for, that husband you have longed for, that financial breakthrough….. Others around you are getting what YOU want. You have been faithful. You have been obedient. You have trusted God, but instead of you receiving breakthrough the person next to you has it instead.
Before we move on, it’s important to remember that everything that has been given to you is through God’s grace. Grace. Grace. Grace. Not works. Not faith. Not obedience, but His grace. There is nothing you can do to earn what you want from Him. You can’t work your way into a new job or make yourself pregnant. Every good gift is from Him and it’s given to you because of His love and His grace.
Jealousy and envy block what the Lord wants to do for you. Both of them will leave you in bondage and keep you from moving forward in His kingdom. God wants to promote you and bless you. He wants to give you the desires of your heart. But, when you ask Him for something, sometimes before receiving it, the Lord takes you the long way around. He requires that you are tested to make sure that you are capable of receiving what He wants to give you.
So what is your initial reaction when you see that new pregnancy announcement, engagement, or dream house? How do you handle those moments? Do you rejoice with those who rejoice or do you instead let envy and jealous rise up within? Are you aware that the choice is yours? Yes, it is true! You have the authority to shut out all bitterness and jealousy. You can choose to partner with God and walk in the Spiritual realm to celebrate those victories around you or you can enter the natural realm and let bitterness and jealousy overwhelm you.
Do you think that if you can’t rejoice with someone else’s victory, then you are qualified to have the victory for yourself? Remember the Lord brings trials for a reason. He tests the waters on how you handle the promotions, breakthroughs, and increases of others. He wants to see you pass the test, but jealousy and envy will block your progress into the realms of God that you have asked for. The best way to deal with jealousy and envy is to acknowledge what it is, confess it, and invite God in to take care of it. If you choose to carry the burden yourself, then there is nothing He can do to help, but if you choose to confess it He takes care of it for you.
Jealousy and envy will stop when you learn to celebrate someone else’s victory, especially when it’s the exact victory that you need. Join others in celebrating as though it were your own victory! Choose to pray blessings over the people who have what you want. The next time you see or hear another person receive what you have been asking for, thank the Lord. Celebrate life just as God wants you too – after all HE is the creator of all good things.
You know those sermons that REALLY convict you? The message given is what you need to hear, but you don’t want to hear it because it makes you feel so guilty. One of our pastors recently shared a sermon on how to handle offense. We have all become offended. It’s so easy to do. Whether it’s a situation with your spouse, a co-worker, or let’s be honest even a complete stranger – we are so quick to jump to an offensive state.
I learned so much from this sermon, including that when we become offended we enter the natural realm (leaving the spiritual realm) and it hinders us from walking in the Spirit. The enemy loves when offenses take place because they immediately separate us from one another. When we are walking in offenses and unforgiveness, we can’t be walking in love and unity.
Below are some of the main points from this sermon answering several questions including ‘What is an offense’, ‘Why do we get offended’, and ‘How we should respond to an offense’.
What is an offense?
An offense is defined as ‘an annoyance or resentment brought about by a perceived insult to or disregard for oneself or one’s standards or principles’. It is a breach of law or an illegal act that takes place. It’s inevitable that offenses are going to happen. Jesus said so in Luke 17:1, which says, “then he said to his disciples, “It is impossible that no offense should come, but woe to him through whom they do come!”
“And then many will be offended, will betray one another, and will hate one another. Then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many. And because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold. But he who endures to the end shall be saved. And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.” Matthew 24:10–14
Why do we get offended?
We get offended when we don’t deny ourselves, take up our cross and follow Jesus fully. There are a lot of things that can cause us to become offended including putting expectations on other people. The more we expect, the greater the potential offense. If I expect Colby to greet me at the door when I come home, and he doesn’t, then I immediately enter an offensive state. This is a very simple example, but I believe just as important. What happens when an offense takes place is it then has a domino effect as we try to communicate with the people who offended us. But, when we remove expectations, then the offense won’t take place.
Another reason we get offended is because we are prideful and selfish. We want things our way and as humans, we are afraid to admit that we are wrong. Pride causes us to view ourselves as victims. Our attitude becomes, “I was mistreated and misjudged; therefore, I am justified in my behavior.” It keeps us from seeing personal character flaws because the blame is deferred to someone other than ourselves. We immediately think there is nothing wrong with us and put all faults on the offender. When we humble ourselves before others and Jesus, then we prevent any offense to take place.
How are we to respond to offenses when they come?
Then Jesus answered and said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner.” John 5:19
Offenses determine where we are spiritually and reveal the condition of our heart. The more mature we are in Christ and have a heart like His, the more likely we are to follow the leading of the Spirit of God, and the less offended we will become. Instead of responding with emotions, we will be able to respond with grace and love.
We must be prepared and armed for offenses, so we can act just like Jesus would. We have one of two reactions when offenses come: we can deal with it before the Lord, or we can destroy others. The choice is up to you! How are you going to respond next time when an offense comes? Let’s all be aware of how we have offended others, repent, and seek to become unoffendable.
Whew. I love that God’s word is alive and active as it continues to minister to me. If you have been following this blog for a while you know a few things I love is good worship music and a good sermon. This sermon has spoken to my heart so much. Not only is it a good teaching, but the pastor’s story involves her long journey with infertility. I have listened to it 5 or 6 times now and will continue to listen to it, especially on the hard days.
It’s so hard to understand why some people get what we want. You know, those people who tell me, “we looked at each other and got pregnant”. Why are there so many people who have received their ‘instant’ while we have been waiting 3+ years? Why are some people on their second kid who started trying after us? Why do some of my friends already have 3 kids while I am just asking for one? Lord, why?
The reality is that some people get instants and some people have to go the long way around, which is what this whole sermon is about. The good news is there is always purpose in the ‘long way around’. Sometimes God doesn’t change things because He wants to change the way you see things. He wants to teach you. He wants to refine you. He wants to give you strength. He is working on 10,000 things while you are waiting for your 1 thing.
Luke 7:11-17 is a story of a women who gets her instant. As if she hasn’t already lost enough (her husband), now a widow, she is burying her son. But, Jesus gave them an instant miracle. Her son was instantly healed, sat up, and talked. While there are a long list of miracles in the bible, there are also plenty of ‘long way around’ stories in the bible, like the story of Lazarus in John 11. When Lazarus got sick, Martha and Mary told Jesus and asked Him to help. I love Jesus’ response in John 11:4, “when Jesus got the message, he said, “This sickness is not fatal. It will become an occasion to show God’s glory by glorifying God’s Son.” Seriously – wow.
This will become an occasion to show God’s glory by glorifying God’s son.
Your long way around and my long way around stories are the same as this story in John 11. God will be glorified. When Jesus said this, Lazarus was dead, but He knew what the end result would be – which was His glory. There is a reason He gives some people instants and some people have to go the long way around. God’s perspective and ours are way different. What is most important, is that we give Him ALL glory when we receive what we are waiting for.
As the story goes on, in John 11:15 Jesus says, “You’re about to be given new grounds for believing. Now let’s go to him.” The Lord is giving you, and me, new grounds for believing. Sometimes He let’s our situations, which look like death, hit rock bottom so that our faith can grow. While they thought Lazarus was dead, the Lord was teaching them faith. One version of this verse says, “Lazarus is dead. And I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, that you may believe.” Jesus could be glad, because He knew the outcome. While we can’t see the big picture when we are on the long way around, we can trust that we too can be glad because God will carry us through.
After this verse, Mary and Martha encounter many, like Thomas and others who came to see what the fuss was all about. Because of their long way around journey they met people they would have never met otherwise. That is so true for our story. I think of ALL the women I have met – and it’s just one more reason I am thankful for the long way around. There is someone on your long way around that God is including in your miracle.
If John 11:4 and John 11:15 don’t rock your world, then hopefully John 11:26 will, “and whoever lives by believing in me will never die. Do you believe this?” Jesus challenged Mary and Martha to believe. When we are waiting for something is when faith is built up in us. It’s easy to believe God when you get in an instant, but what about when you have to take the long way around? Do you believe? You might say it, but down in your heart – do you believe? Do you believe God is who He says He is and will do what He says He can do?
Look at the path you are on and the company traveling with you. Recognize all the good things He is doing in your life. Let Him teach you while you are on the journey. Let your faith grow. Start believing. You might not get an instant, but there is purpose in the ‘long way around’ journeys. Rejoice over it, don’t resent it. God will choose when to deliver you, but it’s up to you to seek Him while waiting. And, just as John 11:40 says, “Did I not tell you that if you believe, you will see the glory of God?”
We all have something we are believing for. Whether it’s something small or big, God wants to answer those prayers. He cares about the little details and He cares about the big details.
This sermon on the topic of belief was sent to me by Melissa and it blessed me so much. In addition to doing life with a community of believers, I’m so thankful for worship music and sermons – it’s so good to continually surround myself with encouragement and press into the word of God. This sermon covers the story in John 9:6-7 which says, “After saying this, he spit on the ground, made some mud with the saliva, and put it on the man’s eyes.“Go,” he told him, “wash in the Pool of Siloam”. So the man went and washed, and came home seeing.
In this passage, God sends a blind man the to pool of Siloam. God simply commanded with the word, “Go”. Immediately, the man left. It was the prophetic act the man made that showed he believed and had faith. And, what happened in return? He was healed. Jesus required this man to believe him before restoring sight.
To believe is defined as ‘to be convinced, to be confident, and to be fully persuaded’. When we believe in something it is shown by how we respond to something God has already said or done. Just as in the story of the blind man, God allows things to happen to both draw us closer to Him and bring glory to Himself. Even though many people believe the lie that we face trials because of something that we have done wrong, that is not the case. It’s not because of sin, but because He wants to bring glory to Himself.
Why should we believe God?
1 – Belief Unlocks the Blessing. The bible is full of promises. But, we can’t access those promises until we activate our faith. Faith unlocks the blessings God has for us. Our blessing is attached to our believing. Not in believing for what we want, but believing in the one person who can bring what we want (Jesus). Whether or not God will do something is up to Him, but believing He can do something is up to us. Stop manipulating or trying to control the outcome and surrender your desires to Him. If you want to receive everything God has for you in the kingdom, then believe.
2 – Unbelief Limits the Blessing. Don’t you want to release EVERYTHING God has for you? Don’t let the lack of receiving blessings from Him be because of your unbelief. There are several external factors that cause us to disbelieve – difficult circumstances, limited resources, delayed outcomes, attacks from the enemy, etc. No matter what we face, we have to put our faith above our fear and trust God. The devil is after your belief. If he can crush your belief then he will limit your blessing. You can’t speak doubt and unbelief and expect to receive blessings, so make the daily choice to speak life over your situation. If you are struggling with doubt or unbelief ask the Lord to help you.
Instead of asking ‘why’ when facing a trial, ask ‘God, how can you get glory’? It’s inevitable we will all face trials, but it’s up to us to choose how we will react in those trials. Believe that ALL things are possible with Him. Don’t limit a limitless God, but trust He will fulfill all the promises He has spoken to you.
I have loved reading the Old Testament recently. It’s amazing to read so many miracles and powerful stories. In Exodus 14, there were two million people on their way to the land of milk and honey when they approached the Red Sea. They were facing major obstacles. Not only were they trapped against the sea, but they were facing the Egyptian army as well. Just as they did, we all have Red Seas. We will all face obstacles or trials that we aren’t sure how we are going to get through or around them.
Exodus 14:13-14 says, Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever. The LORD will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace.” Such a profound truth. None of us have anything to fear since we are fighting from a place of victory. We aren’t fighting for it, but it’s already been given to us.
Priscilla Shirer shared a word about the topic of the Israelites facing the Red Sea in this sermon. She made these points about these verses:
• Be Fearless – In these verses, Moses had no idea how he would get through the situation. All he knew was that God would help Him through. It is so easy in the flesh to let fear rise up when we notice we are in a battle. Every time we face a difficult situation, we make a choice to either take control of the fear or let the fear cripple us. Just like Moses we should call upon God and exchange fear for an opportunity to seek Him. If we begin to believe what God’s Word says about us and who we are in Christ, we will be more confident when we face challenging situations. We should all want every single thing God has for us, which includes living in the victory He has already paid for and not letting fear overtake us.
• Be Still – Moses told the people of Israel to stop. We should do the same. Rest and be still in the Lord. Plant your feet firmly on the promises of God. Stand firmly on what He says no matter how big, or deep, or wide your Red Sea looks. Believe that He is who He says He is. Rather than relying on our own abilities to solve a problem, stand firm in Him.
• Be Watchful. – Don’t be so focused on your problems that you are missing what the Lord is doing. When we are surrounded on all sides by a ‘sea’ or problem, God wants us to have our eyes open to watch as He delivers us. The children of Israel had the Red Sea on one side and Egyptian armies on all other sides, but God wanted them to see how He would deliver them. God wants to get the glory from the situation.
• Be Quiet. – While waiting, praise God. Don’t spend time complaining or grumbling, but instead thank Him in advance for what He is going to do. Sometimes the hardest thing to do when we are faced with problems is to guard our mouth. The Israelites got into trouble when they murmured and complained. We need to guard our mouths and speak life even when life is hard. Our words have power and if we aren’t speaking life then it is best to be quiet.
The Lord is so faithful when we face ‘Red Sea’ situations. He has purpose in every trial we face and wants to help carry us through. While you are in the sea, be fearless, be still, be watchful, and be quiet!
If you were asked to rate yourself in having faith for whatever you are waiting for, what would you say on a faith scale from 1-10? Do you think those around you and the Lord know you as a person of great faith? Faith is defined in Hebrews 11:1 as the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.
What does it look like to have great faith? Jesus was amazed twice in scripture, but his amazement was at opposite ends of the spectrum. In Mark 6:5-6, Jesus was amazed by the lack of faith after he healed several people. He could have done more miracles, but chose not to because of the unbelief of those around him. In the extreme opposite case, in Luke 7:9, Jesus was amazed by the great faith of the centurion. How big is your faith? Would you or do you want to be known like the people of Nazareth who lacked faith or the centurion who had great faith?
Craig Groeschel spoke about this topic in his sermon where he addressed 3 Principles of Faith:
1. You cannot play it safe and please God. Hebrews 11:6 tells us that without faith it is impossible to please God. It’s not always easy, but the only way to please God is to get out of your comfort zone and take steps of faith. Don’t let your fear of failure keep you from taking a step of faith. It’s not always going to make sense. Actually, most of the time it won’t make sense, but you have to step out of the boat, just like Peter did, to find out what He has in store for you.
2. As long as you have a guarantee, you don’t have faith.When we can see something or know when something is going to happen it isn’t called faith. Faith is all about believing in the unseen.It’s so easy to want to control our situations. We want to know everything, but knowing all the whens and whys isn’t faith. Faith is when we don’t know why and we believe anyway. When we live by faith, it’s relying on God’s word and His character, instead of what all of our natural circumstances are dictating. You can have faith or you can have control, but you can’t have both.
3. To step toward your destiny, you have to step away from your security.Hebrews 11:8 says “By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going.” How many of us feel like we don’t know where we are going? When you are called out upon the waves will you obey and go, just like Abraham did? The purpose of taking a step of faith isn’t for the outcome you want, but it’s trusting the faithfulness of God despite your circumstances around you.
I’ll be honest – our journey doesn’t make much sense to me. I’m not sure why the Lord has called us to wait. I don’t know why we have been told not to pursue fertility treatments or adoption or not even track/chart. But, what I do know is that our faith in Him is what He desires. Just like Abraham, He wants us to obey and wait even when we don’t understand.
What great faith steps are you taking? Would God be amazed at your lack of faith or amazed by your great faith? I want it to be the latter! Join me in having great faith in our Lord! Have assurance of things hoped for, even though they can’t yet be seen.
How many times have you asked that question? It’s probably a question that most, if not every believer has asked. It seems if we knew when our trial would end we would never grow weary or complain, but when it goes on and on with no end is when we start to ask the Lord, How Long?
In Psalm 13, David starts out with the same question. He is discouraged. He is in despair. He asks the Lord 4 times How Long, but gets no answer.
How long will you forget me, Lord? Forever? How long will you look the other way when I am in need? How long must I be hiding daily anguish in my heart? How long shall my enemy have the upper hand? Answer me, O Lord my God; give me light in my darkness lest I die. Don’t let my enemies say, “We have conquered him!” Don’t let them gloat that I am down. But I will always trust in you and in your mercy and shall rejoice in your salvation.I will sing to the Lord because he has blessed me so richly. Psalm 13:1-6
David receives silence when he cries out to the Lord. I know David isn’t the only one that feels like his prayers and questions are unanswered and delayed. In a recent sermon on Psalm 13, I love what Tim Dilena says, “Delays show how mature you are.” How are you choosing to react to your delays? Are you using them to edify your walk with Christ, or are you throwing tantrums like a young child?
There is a quote by Oswald Chambers that says, “Has God trusted you with His silence— a silence that has great meaning? God’s silences are actually His answers. His silence is the sign that He is bringing you in a more wonderful understanding of Himself.” Isn’t that the truth? Isn’t it in the trials and God’s silence where we grow more dependent on Him and gain better understanding of who He is?
If you are anything like me, you are always in a hurry, but God doesn’t work that way. He is always right on time. He is never early and He is never late. He uses the silence, the wait, the trials, the hardships, and the suffering for our good.His delays are not His denials, but instead we grow more mature while waiting.
In Psalms 13:5, David goes from desperation to encouragement. He goes from pouting to shouting praises. There is a shift that takes place and he realizes that he does trust God. He decides to sing praises to the Lord for He is good. It’s ok to ask the Lord ‘How Long?’, but are you spending more time pouting or shouting? Choose to turn your pouts into shouts of joy and praise to the Lord.
I can’t wait for our breakthrough! I can’t wait to literally birth the impossible. We know our children are going to enter this world because of a miracle the Lord is going to do. He is going to take a situation that is impossible on paper and according to the doctors authority and He is going to make it happen.
Why would we trust the Lord for something so impossible? Because that is what Jesus loves to do – Births life into impossible situations. Not just physical births, but emotional and spiritual too. He is looking for people and situations that are completely surrendered to Him so He can perform a miracle.
The power of the miracles the Lord does is in the word He speaks. It’s what His word says – Nothing is impossible with Him. It’s not in what we do or don’t do. The promise is in the word from the Lord. That is why it’s so important to be in the word – so that we know what His promises are for us!
I love Bill Johnson’s message about miracles. He reminded me that all the barren women in the bible conceived. Isn’t it amazing that every barren woman had children? Hannah and Sarah contended even though they were barren. Mary surrendered even though she wasn’t married. These aren’t the only ladies who have testimonies of impossible situations.
We are all designed to give birth to something impossible. God is waiting for us to surrender to Him. Get before God and be brutally honest. He wants to be known as your God. He takes delight in you. He loves the idea of manifesting Himself through you. Jesus wants to do something by bringing the impossible out of you, but you first must allow Him to do so.